Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Abdomen
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the abdomen can and should be performed on high-field tomographs with magnetic field strengths from 1.5 Tesla. In the Department of Radiation Diagnostics, our patients are offered to undergo an MRI of the abdominal organs using a tomograph with a magnetic field of 3.0 T (Tesla). Weight limit (for a patient with a large weight) during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the abdominal cavity - no more than 200 kg.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the abdomen - liver, gallbladder, system, and pancreas - preferably after a preliminary ultrasound examination of this anatomical region. It is advisable to bring with you the conclusions and images obtained during the study, even if no pathology was found during the ultrasound.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the abdomen (liver and pancreas) is indicated:
- if you suspect a primary or secondary tumor lesion of the liver and bile ducts, fatty degeneration, abscesses, masses (cysts, including parasitic ones), liver cirrhosis;
- in the presence of a clinical picture of obstructive jaundice;
- to assess the dynamics of the effectiveness of treatment of tumor lesions;
- with hepatomegaly of unknown nature;
- with traumatic injuries;
- with hepato-cerebral dystrophy;
- with cholelithiasis to exclude or suspect the presence of calculi in the bile ducts
- with acute and chronic pancreatitis;
- if there is a suspicion of mass formation, primary and secondary tumor lesion;
- with ischemic lesions of the parenchymal organs of the abdominal cavity.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the abdomen (liver, gallbladder, system, and pancreas) is the method of choice for the differential diagnosis of formations of the parenchymal organs of the abdominal cavity and retroperitoneal space.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the abdomen (liver, gallbladder, system, and pancreas) is the most informative method in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of focal liver lesions - metastases, hemangiomas, adenomas, focal nodular hyperplasia, hepatocellular carcinoma, and other tumors and tumor-like processes.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the abdomen well detects solid and cystic tumors of the pancreas.
An excellent complement to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the abdominal organs is non-contrast magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography - that is, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) imaging of the gallbladder and bile ducts. It provides a bright signal only from the free fluid (bile) and is a non-invasive alternative to diagnostic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), which is associated with a high complication rate.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) cholangiography is successfully used in the diagnosis of abnormalities and strictures of the bile ducts, sclerosing cholangitis, choledocholithiasis, that is, the detection of calculi in the gallbladder and bile ducts.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the kidneys and adrenal glands is indicated:
- patients with contraindications (intolerance to iodine-containing contrast to excretory urography;
- to clarify the nature of the volumetric formation identified using other instrumental research methods (differentiation of normal anatomical variants of the structure from pathological changes, as well as cysts, from cystic changes in tumor processes in the kidneys);
- patients with clinical data suggesting a kidney tumor;
- for the diagnosis of perirenal pathological processes;
- if you suspect an anomaly in the development of the urinary system.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the kidneys and adrenal glands is an effective diagnostic method and allows you to differentiate malignant and benign adrenal glands with high accuracy using special protocols that are highly sensitive to the presence of intracellular fat in adenomas.