Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain is one of the most promising and rapidly improving methods of modern neuroradiology.
With magnetic resonance imaging of the brain, the doctor gets the opportunity to investigate the structural and pathological changes in the patient's brain tissue, to appreciate the physicochemical, pathophysiological processes of the entire brain as a whole or its individual structures, to conduct functional studies of the brain based on changes in local activity.
Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain also allows performing magnetic resonance angiography of the vessels of the brain, which does not require direct puncture of the artery that supplies the brain.
Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain allows you to obtain a series of thin sections, build a three-dimensional reconstruction of the area under study, highlight the vasculature, and even individual nerve trunks passing through the subarachnoid space of the brain.
Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain allows you to assess the volume and position of the ventricular system of the brain. On magnetic resonance imaging of the brain, cisterns of the base of the skull and other spaces containing cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are also well visualized.
Such a three-dimensional reconstruction of brain tissue with magnetic resonance imaging provides invaluable assistance to a neurosurgeon in planning an operation and for subsequent postoperative control.
Early diagnosis with the use of magnetic resonance imaging of the brain allows timely treatment of the patient's disease.
The ability using magnetic resonance imaging to simultaneously demonstrate the spinal cord and spine along the cervical spine without the introduction of contrast agents into the spinal cord spaces and without the use of ionizing radiation (X-ray), to determine the localization and size of tumors, the state of the intervertebral discs of the cervical spine, intervertebral joints, vertebral bodies.
Currently, magnetic resonance imaging of the brain has come to the fore in the diagnosis of most diseases of the brain and its vessels, pushing aside such invasive methods as myelography, and giving the patient's ionizing radiation, such as computed tomography (CT).
In what cases can a magnetic resonance imaging of the brain be prescribed:
- Anatomy of the nervous system
- Central nervous system infection:
- Brain abscess (lobar, cerebellar)
- Eosinophilic granuloma, Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), Hennebert's symptom
- Epidural brain abscess
- Sinusitis-associated intracranial complications
- Otogenic intracranial complications
- Sinusitis-associated ophthalmic complications
- Bacterial otogenic meningitis
- Subdural brain abscess
- Sigmoid sinus suppurative thrombophlebitis
- Cerebral 3 ventricle colloid cyst
- Cerebral and spinal adhesive arachnoiditis
- Headache, migraine
- Traumatic brain injury (concussion, contusion, brain hemorrhage, axonal shearing lesions)
- Increased intracranial pressure and hydrocephalus
- Parkinson's disease
- Pituitary microadenoma, macroadenoma and nonfunctioning adenomas (NFPAs), hyperprolactinemia syndrome
- Spontaneous cranial cerebrospinal fluid leak (CSF liquorrhea)
Diagnostic procedure for magnetic resonance imaging of the brain.
Our patients are offered to undergo an MRI scan of the brain using an apparatus with a magnetic field of 3.0 T (Tesla). It is also possible to conduct MRI with intravenous contrast (Omniscan contrast) to increase the visual difference between healthy tissue and tumor. Weight restriction (for a patient with a large weight) during magnetic resonance imaging - up to 200 kg.