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Scoliosis, poor posture

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Scoliosis, stoop and poor posture

Scoliosis is an arcuate curvature of the spine axis in the frontal plane, i.e. to the right or left. By origin, scoliosis can be either congenital or acquired.

Scoliosis is often found in various diseases of the musculoskeletal system, the nervous system, diffuse lesions of the connective tissue, can be of a reflex nature (for example, with pain-this is antalgic scoliosis) and even psychological (emotional trauma in a child at school). More often, idiopathic scoliosis or scoliosis of unknown origin is common.

Normally, a person has natural curves of the vertebral column (kyphosis and lordosis), which is associated with its erectness.
Kyphotic deformity (hyperkyphosis) of the thoracic spine is characterized by the patient's stoop.

Depending on the location of the vertex of curvature of the spine axis, scoliosis can be divided into upper-thoracic scoliosis, thoracic scoliosis (most common), thoracolumbar scoliosis, lumbar scoliosis, combined scoliosis (has two vertices of curvature).

Depending on the size of the curvature of the spine, the degrees of scoliosis are distinguished:

  • scoliosis of the first degree (5°-10°)
  • scoliosis of the II degree (11°-30°)
  • scoliosis of the third degree (31°-60°)
  • scoliosis of the IV degree (from 61° and more)

The degree of curvature (deformation) in scoliosis is determined by the results of radiography of the spine in a direct projection.

Protrusion of the ribs with a curvature of the axis of the vertebral column during a flexion test in a child with scoliosis of the thoracic spine.

The curvature of the axis of the vertebral column in a child with scoliosis of the thoracic and lumbar spine.

 

Diagnosis of scoliosis, stooping and impaired posture

For the diagnosis of scoliosis, an orthopedic examination, radiography of the spine in direct and lateral projections, and computed tomography of the spine (CT) are used. Such problems of childhood as scoliosis and slouching require patience on the part of the child and his parents.

Idiopathic scoliosis of the spine is diagnosed by radiography.

Idiopathic scoliosis is diagnosed by computed tomography of the spine (CT).

 

Treatment of scoliosis, stooping and impaired posture

In our clinic, you will be taught the necessary set of exercises that help to avoid the progression of scoliosis of the spine, conduct courses of special massage and manual therapy that relieve excessive deformation of the spine.

Wearing a special corset for scoliosis and impaired posture.

Sometimes special corsets may be recommended to correct posture in scoliosis. When wearing them, the excessive deformation of the spine is slightly eliminated and the back muscles are relieved.